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Obesity-type 2 diabetes-metabolism

Obesity-type 2 diabetes-metabolism

The obesity–type 2 diabetes–metabolism component includes 38* researchers who are supervising 41 nurses and research professionals as well as 53 graduate students and postdoctoral fellows. In Canada, this component is considered one of the most significant groups involved in obesity. The Institute houses one of Canadian most important bariatric surgical teams made up of seven surgeons performing annually nearly 700 primary procedures to treat obesity. Approximately 40% of the bariatric population has type 2 diabetes and we increasingly consider that surgery represents a preferred treatment for this condition in the person with severe obesity. Université Laval, which oversees the component’s researchers correctly, ranks 18th worldwide among over 30,000 research institutions in terms of the number of scientific publications produced on obesity. Many contemporary concerns are considered including the neurophysiological control of energy balance, the role of gut microbiota, the molecular mechanisms of obesity and diabetes-related metabolic complications, the beneficial effects of bariatric surgery as well as the clinical approaches focused on prevention, on treatment, and on evaluating therapies of this condition of being very fat or overweight. The technological approaches span a very broad spectrum and include nutrition, behaviour, evaluative research, surgery, neurobiology, psychology, physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, applied to humans as well as animal, tissue and cell models.

*2017-2018

Key themes

  • Metabolism and energy homoeostasis: regulatory mechanisms as well as molecular, cellular and microbiological aspects
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes: metabolic and cardiovascular complications
  • Bariatric surgery: impact, development and action mechanisms
  • Obesity and type 2 diabetes treatment/prevention interventions and their assessment

Research chairs

  • Canada Research Excellence Chair in the Microbiome-Endocannabinoidome Axis in Metabolic Health (Vincenzo Di Marzo)
  • Research Chair in Obesity (Denis Richard)
  • Research Chair in Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery (André Tchernof)
  • Canada Research Chair in Physical Activity, Nutrition and Energy Balance (Angelo Tremblay)
  • Research Chair in partnership on the endocannabinoid system in cardiometabolic health (Cristoforo Silvestri)

Obesity-metabolism researchers

Dr. André Tchernof
Assistant Director of Obesity-type 2 diabetes-metabolism Research

 

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